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Uttarakhand formerly referred to as Uttaranchal may be a state within the northern a part of India.
It is often mentioned because the “Devabhumi” (literally “Land of the Gods”) thanks to numerous Hindu temples and pilgrimage centres found throughout the state.
Uttarakhand is understood for the natural environment of the Himalayas, the Bhabar and therefore the Terai regions.
It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north; the Sudurpashchim Pradesh of Nepal to the east; the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the south and Himachal Pradesh to the west and north-west.
The state is split into two divisions, Garhwal and Kumaon, with a complete of 13 districts. The winter capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradun, the most important city of the state, which may be a rail head. Gairsain, a town in Chamoli district is that the summer capital of Uttarakhand.The supreme court of the state is found in Nainital.
Archaeological evidence supports the existence of humans in the region since prehistoric times. The region formed a neighborhood of the Uttarakuru Kingdom during the Vedic age of Ancient India.
Among the first major dynasties of Kumaon were the Kunindas within the 2nd century BCE who practised an early kind of Shaivism.
Ashokan edicts at Kalsi show the primary presence of Buddhism during this region. During the medieval period, the region was consolidated under the Katyuri rulers of Kumaon also mentioned as ‘Kurmanchal Kingdom’.
After the autumn of Katyuris, the region was divided into the Kumaon Kingdom and thus the Garhwal Kingdom.
In 1816, most of recent Uttarakhand was ceded to British as a part of the Treaty of Sugauli.
Although the erstwhile hill kingdoms of Garhwal and Kumaon were traditional rivals, the proximity of varied neighbouring ethnic groups and thus the inseparable and complementary nature of their geography, economy, culture, language, and traditions created strong bonds between the 2 regions, which further strengthened during the Uttarakhand movement for statehood within the 1990s.
The natives of the state are generally called Uttarakhandi, or more specifically either Garhwali or Kumaoni by their region of origin. According to the 2011 Census of India, Uttarakhand features a population of 10,086,292, making it the 20th most populous state in India.